On September 17, the U.S. Senate confirmed John Bass, a career member of the Senior Foreign Service, as ambassador to Turkey. At the time of his appointment, Bass was the Executive Secretary of State. He also served as ambassador to Georgia from 2009 to 2012, and in 2008-09 he led the provincial reconstruction team operating in Baghdad. In 2005-08, Bass served as director of the State Department Operations Center, leading its response to more than 25 crises, including coordinating international assistance in response to Hurricane Katrina and orchestrating the largest U.S. government evacuation of American citizens in sixty years. He has also served as a special advisor to Vice President Cheney; served at Embassy Rome; was chief of staff to Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott; and was a member of the U.S. negotiating team that brokered a settlement to the war in Kosovo on NATO’s terms and shaped the composition and command arrangements for a peacekeeping force in Kosovo. He has also worked on Turkey, Cyprus, the Benelux countries, and NATO-Russia negotiations during his time at the State Department.